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Title: Public housing and ethnic integration in Singapore
Authors: Sim, L.L. 
Yu, S.M. 
Han, S.S. 
Keywords: Ethnic integration
Public housing
Issue Date: 2003
Citation: Sim, L.L., Yu, S.M., Han, S.S. (2003). Public housing and ethnic integration in Singapore. Habitat International 27 (2) : 293-307. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Prior to 1960, various immigrant ethnic groups were concentrated in different parts of Singapore, forming enclaves. The immigrant population was thus spatially segregated, with different ethnic concentrations in different parts of the island. Since 1960, the Singapore Government has used public housing as a policy instrument to integrate the multi-ethnic population spatially. This paper examines the implementation of this policy over the past four decades and evaluates its success. Using geographic information system technology, the ethnic composition of public housing estates can be traced on maps. The spatial distribution of the main races is shown at constituency level (i.e., division) but discussion includes the individual block level. The findings show that public housing has succeeded in reducing the intensity of the ethnic enclaves while increasing social integration. © 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Habitat International
ISSN: 01973975
DOI: 10.1016/S0197-3975(02)00050-4
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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