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Title: Cloning and characterization of hepaCAM, a novel Ig-like cell adhesion molecule suppressed in human hepatocellular carcinoma
Authors: Mei, C.M.
Lay, H.L.
Shen, S. 
Keywords: Cell growth arrest
Cell-matrix interaction
Hepatocellular carcinoma
Ig-like cell adhesion molecule
Issue Date: 2005
Citation: Mei, C.M., Lay, H.L., Shen, S. (2005). Cloning and characterization of hepaCAM, a novel Ig-like cell adhesion molecule suppressed in human hepatocellular carcinoma. Journal of Hepatology 42 (6) : 833-841. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Background/Aims: Previously, we reported on gene HEPN1 that was silenced in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its capability of arresting cell growth. In this study, we identified another novel gene hepaCAM from the liver, which contains the full-length HEPN1 on its antisense strand in the 3′-noncoding region, and assessed its expression, characteristics and functions in HCC. Methods: Full-length hepaCAM cDNA was isolated by rapid amplification of cDNA ends. The gene expression was examined by semi-quantitative RT-PCR in 23 paired HCC liver specimens and 5 HCC cell lines. Transfection studies, coupled with immunocytochemistry, cellular interaction analyses, colony formation and microtetrazolium assay, were employed to elucidate the localization and functions of hepaCAM. Results: The expression of hepaCAM decreased in 20/23 of HCC samples and was undetectable in 5 HCC cell lines tested. The gene product consisting of 416 amino acids displayed the typical structure of Ig-like cell adhesion molecules. The protein was glycosylated and predominantly localized on the cytoplasmic membrane. When re-expressed in HepG2, hepaCAM accelerated cell spreading (P<0.001), increased cell motility (P=0.0011), reduced colony formation (P=0.0022), and inhibited cell growth (P<0.001). Conclusions: Gene hepaCAM, frequently silenced in HCC, encodes an Ig-like transmembrane glycoprotein and is involved in cell adhesion and growth control. © 2005 European Association for the Study of the Liver. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Hepatology
ISSN: 01688278
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhep.2005.01.025
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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