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Title: Characterization and epitope mapping of monoclonal antibodies recognizing N-terminus of Rep of porcine circovirus type 2
Authors: Meng, T.
Jia, Q.
Liu, S.
Karuppannan, A.K.
Kwang, J. 
Keywords: Epitope mapping
Monoclonal antibody
N-terminus of Rep
Porcine circovirus
Issue Date: 2010
Citation: Meng, T., Jia, Q., Liu, S., Karuppannan, A.K., Kwang, J. (2010). Characterization and epitope mapping of monoclonal antibodies recognizing N-terminus of Rep of porcine circovirus type 2. Journal of Virological Methods 165 (2) : 222-229. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Two genotypes of porcine circovirus (PCV) have been described, the non-pathogenic PCV1 and the pathogenic PCV2 in pigs. PCV-ORF1 encodes Rep and Rep' proteins which have identical N-terminal sequence (RepN) within each PCV strain, but RepN has only 88% similarity between PCV1 and PCV2. Purified RepN of PCV2 was used as an immunogen to produce monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). 11 mAbs were screened out and established, and they were divided into two groups according to Western blot and IFA results. One group, including 1C1, bound only PCV2-RepN, while the other, including 3D10, had cross reactivity with RepN of both PCV1 and PCV2. Epitope mapping indicated that 1C1 and 3D10 recognized the linear epitopes L39FDYFIVG46 and K99EGNLLIE106 in PCV2-RepN, respectively. Protein sequence alignment of RepN indicated L39FDYFIVG46 is conserved in all PCV2 in NCBI database, whereas the PCV1 has amino acid substitutions V41C42 in this region. mAb 3D10 could recognize all PCV because all natural mutations in its epitope did not affect its binding. The information about characteristics and epitope of monoclonal antibodies may be useful for the development of diagnostic methods for PCV2 and for analyzing the function of Rep and Rep' of PCV. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
Source Title: Journal of Virological Methods
ISSN: 01660934
DOI: 10.1016/j.jviromet.2010.01.026
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