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Title: Myoblast-based cardiac repair: Xenomyoblast versus allomyoblast transplantation
Authors: Guo, C.
Shim, W.S.N. 
Sim, E.K.W. 
Haider, H.Kh. 
Jiang, S.
Tan, R.-S.
Wong, P.
Ye, L. 
Law, P.K.
Issue Date: 2007
Citation: Guo, C., Shim, W.S.N., Sim, E.K.W., Haider, H.Kh., Jiang, S., Tan, R.-S., Wong, P., Ye, L., Law, P.K. (2007). Myoblast-based cardiac repair: Xenomyoblast versus allomyoblast transplantation. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 134 (5). ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Objective: We sought to investigate immune cell kinetics in relation to skeletal myoblast survival and heart function improvement after nonautologous skeletal myoblast transplantation in a rat model of myocardial infarction. Methods: One week after myocardial infarction, 208 Wistar rats were grouped into group 1 (n = 24, receiving 150 μL of medium only), group 2 (n = 24, receiving 150 μL of medium and cyclosporine [INN: ciclosporin]), group 3 (n = 40, human skeletal myoblast transplantation), group 4 (n = 40, human skeletal myoblast transplantation with cyclosporine treatment), group 5 (n = 40, rat skeletal myoblast transplantation), and group 6 (n = 40, rat skeletal myoblast transplantation with cyclosporine treatment). The hearts were harvested at 10 minutes and 1, 4, 7, and 28 days after cell transplantation. Skeletal myoblast survival was confirmed by means of immunohistochemical studies and quantified by using real-time polymerase chain reaction. Host immune responses were assessed by immunostaining for macrophages and CD4+ and CD8+ lymphocytes. Heart function was evaluated by means of echocardiographic analysis. Results: The majority of macrophages and lymphocytes infiltrated in the acute phase (from day 1 to day 7) and then subsided by day 28. The donor skeletal myoblasts survived and differentiated well in all skeletal myoblast transplantation groups. Allogeneic skeletal myoblasts showed a superior survival rate than xenogeneic skeletal myoblasts (P < .01). Cyclosporine inhibited the infiltration of the immunocytes, enhanced skeletal myoblast survival, and improved heart performance compared with that seen in the groups not receiving cyclosporine treatment (P < .05). Conclusions: Allomyoblasts survive better than do xenomyoblasts after transplantation into infarcted myocardium. After inhibition of immunocyte infiltration by means of immunosuppressive treatment, skeletal myoblast survival is enhanced, with improved heart performance. These findings suggest the feasibility of nonautologous myoblast transplantation with immunosuppressive treatment. © 2007 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery.
Source Title: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
ISSN: 00225223
DOI: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2007.07.025
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