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Title: Validation of the Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire in 3 year old children of a multi-ethnic Asian population: The GUSTO cohort study
Authors: Quah, Phaik Ling 
Cheung, Yin Bun 
Pang, Wei Wei 
Toh, Jia Ying
Saw, Seang-Mei 
Godfrey, Keith M
Yap, Fabian 
Chong, Yap Seng 
Mary, Chong Foong-Fong 
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Behavioral Sciences
Nutrition & Dietetics
Children's eating behavior questionnaire
Confirmatory factor analysis
Exploratory factor analysis
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2017
Citation: Quah, Phaik Ling, Cheung, Yin Bun, Pang, Wei Wei, Toh, Jia Ying, Saw, Seang-Mei, Godfrey, Keith M, Yap, Fabian, Chong, Yap Seng, Mary, Chong Foong-Fong (2017-06-01). Validation of the Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire in 3 year old children of a multi-ethnic Asian population: The GUSTO cohort study. APPETITE 113 : 100-105. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) was developed to measure eating behaviors related to obesity risk in children. However, this questionnaire has not been validated for use in South East Asia, where parenting practices are different from those in western countries and child obesity rates are increasing. The aim of this study was to examine the validity of the CEBQ administered to mothers of children aged 3 years in Singapore. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to examine if the original 35-item, 8-factor model was supported in our cohort. Participants were 636 mother-child dyads (mean (SD) child age = 36.7 (1.6) months), from the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) birth cohort in which the mothers were characterized in pregnancy and children were followed up to age 3 years. The CFA showed a poor model fit; RMSEA = 0.072 (PCLOSE<0.001), SRMR = 0.094, CFI = 0.826, and TLI = 0.805. Exploratory factor analysis revealed a 35 item, 7-factor structure (factor loadings ≥ 0.35): enjoyment of food, food fussiness, emotional overeating, desire to drink, emotional under eating, satiety responsiveness and slowness in eating. Cronbach's alpha estimates ranged from 0.70 to 0.88 for the 7 subscales. Convergent validity tests via correlation analysis revealed that emotional under eating (r = −0.14), slowness in eating (r = −0.16) and satiety responsiveness (r = −0.11) were negatively correlated with BMI z-score at 3 years, while enjoyment of food (r = 0.12) was positively correlated, p < 0.05. In conclusion, we found a revised 7-factor structure of the CEBQ more appropriate for examining eating behavior in 3 year old children in the Singapore setting. Further replication studies in a separate cohort study are warranted before further use of these factor structures generated.
Source Title: APPETITE
ISSN: 01956663
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