Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/227256
Title: POSITIVE DEVIANT STIMULI AND ITS EFFECTS ON MEMORY
Authors: FOO MUN YEE
Issue Date: 7-Apr-2022
Citation: FOO MUN YEE (2022-04-07). POSITIVE DEVIANT STIMULI AND ITS EFFECTS ON MEMORY. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The emotional oddball paradigm (EOP) has long been used to investigate the effects that emotional deviants have on memory and the focal point of most EOP experiments is the effects on memory for neighboring items instead of memory for the deviants themselves. Although mostly consistent results have been found in the EOP studies, majority of the EOP studies have employed the use of negative emotional deviants as well as simple stimuli (e.g., single words) that may not be externally valid. The current study thus employed an adapted version of the EOP whereby a positive emotional deviant was presented, and paragraphs were used as stimuli to mimic real-life educational settings. Results from the study revealed that presentation of the positive emotional deviant enhanced memory for the paragraph following it (anterograde hypermnesia) but impaired memory for the paragraph preceding it (retrograde amnesia). Theoretical reasons as to why such findings were obtained were discussed and overall, the results provided evidence that positive emotional deviants can lead to emotion-induced effects on neighboring externally valid stimuli. This implies that the positive effects of presenting deviants (i.e., memory enhancement) may be generalized to real-life educational settings which helps provide direction for future EOP studies.
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/227256
Appears in Collections:Bachelor's Theses

Show full item record
Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormatAccess SettingsVersion 
2120_HT_FooMunYee.pdf556.33 kBAdobe PDF

RESTRICTED

NoneLog In

Page view(s)

20
checked on Feb 2, 2023

Download(s)

3
checked on Feb 2, 2023

Google ScholarTM

Check


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.