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dc.titleIntegrin ?7 expression is increased in asthmatic patients and its inhibition reduces Kras protein abundance in airway smooth muscle cells
dc.contributor.authorTeoh, C.M.
dc.contributor.authorTan, S.S.L.
dc.contributor.authorLangenbach, S.Y.
dc.contributor.authorWong, A.H.
dc.contributor.authorCheong, D.H.J.
dc.contributor.authorTam, J.K.C.
dc.contributor.authorNew, C.S.
dc.contributor.authorTran, T.
dc.identifier.citationTeoh, C.M., Tan, S.S.L., Langenbach, S.Y., Wong, A.H., Cheong, D.H.J., Tam, J.K.C., New, C.S., Tran, T. (2019). Integrin ?7 expression is increased in asthmatic patients and its inhibition reduces Kras protein abundance in airway smooth muscle cells. Scientific Reports 9 (1) : 9892. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
dc.description.abstractAirway smooth muscle (ASM) cells exhibit plastic phenotypic behavior marked by reversible modulation and maturation between contractile and proliferative phenotypic states. Integrins are a class of transmembrane proteins that have been implicated as novel therapeutic targets for asthma treatment. We previously showed that integrin ?7 is a novel marker of the contractile ASM phenotype suggesting that targeting this protein may offer new avenues to counter the increase in ASM cell mass that underlies airways hyperresponsiveness (AHR) in asthma. We now determine whether inhibition of integrin ?7 expression would revert ASM cells back to a proliferative phenotype to cause an increase in ASM cell mass. This would be detrimental to asthmatic patients who already exhibit increased ASM mass in their airways. Using immunohistochemical analysis of the Melbourne Epidemiological Study of Childhood Asthma (MESCA) cohort, we show for the first time that integrin ?7 expression in patients with severe asthma is increased, supporting a clinically relevant role for this protein in asthma pathophysiology. Moreover, inhibition of the laminin-integrin ?7 signaling axis results in a reduction in smooth muscle-alpha actin abundance and does not revert ASM cells back to a proliferative phenotype. We determined that integrin ?7-induced Kras isoform of p21 Ras acts as a point of convergence between contractile and proliferative ASM phenotypic states. Our study provides further support for targeting integrin ?7 for the development of novel anti-asthma therapies. © 2019, The Author(s).
dc.publisherNature Publishing Group
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International
dc.sourceScopus OA2019
dc.contributor.departmentMICROBIOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY
dc.description.sourcetitleScientific Reports
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