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Title: Role of screening chest computed tomography in patients with advanced head and neck cancer
Authors: Tan, L.K.S. 
Greener, C.C.
Seikaly, H.
Rassekh, C.H.
Calhoun, K.H.
Issue Date: May-1999
Citation: Tan, L.K.S., Greener, C.C., Seikaly, H., Rassekh, C.H., Calhoun, K.H. (1999-05). Role of screening chest computed tomography in patients with advanced head and neck cancer. Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery 120 (5) : 689-692. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: The presence of pulmonary metastases significantly alters the treatment of patients with head and neck cancers. Currently, a chest radiograph (CXR) is used as a screening examination, although a chest CT (CCT) can detect smaller lesions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefit of CCT as a screening tool in patients with newly diagnosed advanced head and neck cancers. METHOD: New patients with stage III and IV head and neck squamous cell carcinomas were enrolled in this prospective study from August 1994 to December 1995. Twenty-five patients underwent CXR ($71) and CCT ($597) within 2 weeks of diagnosis of the index cancer. RESULTS: In 20 patients neither the CXR nor the CCT showed any evidence of pulmonary malignancy. Two patients had normal CXRs but possible metastases on CCT. Both the pulmonary lesions resolved on follow-up evaluation. Two patients had suspicious lesions on CXR, 1 of whom had a normal CCT. The second patient underwent CT-guided biopsy which was negative for malignancy. Both the CXR and CCT of the final patient, who had a bronchogenic carcinoma, were suspicious. CONCLUSION: In 2 patients CCT detected suspicious lesions missed on CXR, although neither revealed malignancy. Three patients with suspicious CXRs would have had CCTs anyway. Thus 22 of 25 CCTs done at the additional cost of $13,314 did not add to the sensitivity of the screening for pulmonary metastasis or second lung primary.
Source Title: Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
ISSN: 01945998
DOI: 10.1053/hn.1999.v120.a91767
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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