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Title: Kugelberg-Welander syndrome or muscular dystrophy? A family study
Authors: Devathasan, G. 
Auw, T.M.
Tay, B.K.
Lee, Y.S. 
Issue Date: 1980
Citation: Devathasan, G., Auw, T.M., Tay, B.K., Lee, Y.S. (1980). Kugelberg-Welander syndrome or muscular dystrophy? A family study. Singapore Medical Journal 21 (6) : 771-774. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Three young boys in an extended family were first seen in their first decade for proximal muscle weakness without sensory loss. The patients were diagnosed as Duchenne muscular dystrophy for over 10 years. The diagnosis is now reviewed and these cases are shown to suffer from a benign childhood variant of motor neuron disease called Kugelberg-Welander synrome or benign proximal spinal muscular atrophy. The similarities between the two conditions are many, including age of onset, proximal muscle weakness, heredofamilial, male preponderance, rasied muscle enzymes and normal nerve conduction studies. Denervation atrophy however can be established by the presence of fasciculations, a well chosen muscle biopsy or more simply and accurately by electromyography
Source Title: Singapore Medical Journal
ISSN: 00375675
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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