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dc.titleIntracytoplasmic sperm injection of mouse oocytes with 5 mM Ca2+ at different intervals
dc.contributor.authorAhmadi, A.A.
dc.contributor.authorNg, S.C.
dc.contributor.authorLiow, S.L.
dc.contributor.authorAli, J.
dc.contributor.authorBongso, A.
dc.contributor.authorRatnam, S.S.
dc.identifier.citationAhmadi, A.A., Ng, S.C., Liow, S.L., Ali, J., Bongso, A., Ratnam, S.S. (1995). Intracytoplasmic sperm injection of mouse oocytes with 5 mM Ca2+ at different intervals. Human Reproduction 10 (2) : 431-435. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
dc.description.abstractThe objective of this investigation was to determine whether intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) can be performed in the mouse. Metaphase II oocytes were obtained from F1 hybrid mice (C57BL x CBA) by i.p. injections of 10 IU pregnant mare's serum gonadotrophin (PMSG) and human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) administered 48 h apart. Oocytes with cumulus oophorus were retrieved 13-14 h post HCG. Cumulus was dispersed with 0.1% hyaluronidase. Mouse spermatozoa were obtained from the cauda epididymides of males of the same strain. The spermatozoa were processed by the standard swim-up procedure. The harvested spermatozoa were then incubated for 1.5 h to allow capacitation. Healthy oocytes were injected with 3-4 pl 5 mM Ca2+, followed by one live morphologically normal spermatozoon into the cytoplasm at intervals of 0, 0.5, 1, 2 and 3 h. The proportion of 2-cell embryos that developed from oocytes injected with Ca2+ and spermatozoa ranged between 29.5 and 36.5% in all groups, with no statistical difference between treatments. Chromosomal analysis showed that two-thirds of the ICSI-derived 2-cell embryos were diploid. The proportion of pathenogenetically activated embryos in the ICSI groups was similar to that in the control group (8-10%) which was injected with Ca2+ and polyvinyl pyrrolidone only. The proportion of blastocysts that developed in culture from the ICSI-derived 2-cell embryos was of the order of 36-42%. Some blastocysts were used for cell number counts. There was a significant increase in total and inner cell mass counts of blastocysts in which the spermatozoon was injected at 2 and 3 h following Ca2+. The remaining blastocysts were transferred to day 3 pseudopregnant mice, of which 33% subsequently became pregnant. Of the blastocysts transferred, 16-25% developed to term in vivo. No deformities were observed in the pups. We believe this is the first report of live-birth following mouse ICSI.
dc.subjectCa2+ injection
dc.subjectIntracytoplasmic sperm injection
dc.subjectMouse oocyte
dc.contributor.departmentOBSTETRICS & GYNAECOLOGY
dc.description.sourcetitleHuman Reproduction
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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