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Title: Ventilator-induced lung injury: The role of gene activation
Authors: Ngiam, N. 
Kavanagh, B.P.
Keywords: gene expression
mechanical ventilation
signaling pathways
ventilator-induced lung injury
Issue Date: Feb-2012
Citation: Ngiam, N., Kavanagh, B.P. (2012-02). Ventilator-induced lung injury: The role of gene activation. Current Opinion in Critical Care 18 (1) : 16-22. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Purpose of Review: Ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) is a ubiquitous iatrogenic clinical problem in critical care. Aside from avoiding large tidal volumes, little progress has been made in identifying effective clinical strategies to minimize this injury. With recent rapid development in bioinformatics and high-throughput molecular technology, the genetic basis of lung injury has been intensively investigated. This review will describe recent insights and potential therapies developed in the field. Recent Findings: Much progress has been made in delineating the possible genes and gene products involved in VILI through various mechanisms such as early induced genes, capillary leak, apoptosis, fibrin deposition, inflammatory cytokines, oxidative stress, disrupted angiogenesis, and neutrophil infiltration. Some studies have translated bench findings to the bedside in an attempt to identify clinically important genetic susceptibility, which could aid in the identification of at-risk individuals who might benefit from careful titration of mechanical ventilation. Genetic insights also provide candidate pharmaceutical approaches that may ameliorate VILI in the future. Summary: Much relevant information exists for investigators and clinicians interested in VILI. Future research will interlink evolving data to provide a more integrated picture of the molecular mechanisms involved in VILI enabling translation of the most promising candidate therapies. © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Source Title: Current Opinion in Critical Care
ISSN: 10705295
DOI: 10.1097/MCC.0b013e32834e7d00
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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