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Title: Current 25-hydroxyvitamin D assays: Do they pass the test?
Authors: Ong, L.
Saw, S.
Sahabdeen, N.B.
Tey, K.T.
Ho, C.S.
Sethi, S.K. 
Keywords: 25OHD testing
Vitamin D
Issue Date: 11-Jul-2012
Citation: Ong, L., Saw, S., Sahabdeen, N.B., Tey, K.T., Ho, C.S., Sethi, S.K. (2012-07-11). Current 25-hydroxyvitamin D assays: Do they pass the test?. Clinica Chimica Acta 413 (13-14) : 1127-1134. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Background: Vitamin D testing is becoming increasingly important with recent research demonstrating a correlation between vitamin D insufficiency and metabolic diseases, immunodeficiencies and other diseases. However, existing 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) assays lack comparability to the candidate reference method, causing difficulties in diagnosis and monitoring of vitamin D deficiency. Methods: We looked at the accuracy of 3 automated assays (Roche Diagnostics Elecsys® Total 25OHD assay, Abbott Architect® Total vitamin D assay, Advia Centaur® vitamin D Total assay) and Diasorin® Radioimmunoassay (RIA) compared to a routine laboratory Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Results: The correlation based on Passing Bablok regression was good with the slopes between 0.95 and 1.31 and the intercepts between - 3.24 and 3.68. However, a significant positive bias was observed using the Abbott Architect and the Diasorin RIA. Using published analytical goals of coefficient of variation (CV) < 10% and bias < 5%, most methods did not meet these criteria. Using measurement of uncertainty of 9%, most methods were able to meet criteria using quality control materials but not patient samples. Conclusion: Inadequacies of these assay performances are contributed by differences in method of extraction of vitamin D from vitamin D binding protein, cross-reactivities to 25OHD 2, 25OHD 3 and other vitamin D metabolites, matrix interferences and a lack of standardization. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Source Title: Clinica Chimica Acta
ISSN: 00098981
DOI: 10.1016/j.cca.2012.03.009
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