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Title: Predictors of cerebral venous thrombosis and arterial ischemic stroke in young Asian women
Authors: Wasay, M.
Saadatnia, M.
Venketasubramanian, N. 
Kaul, S.
Menon, B.
Gunaratne, P.
Malik, A.
Mehmood, K.
Ahmed, S.
Awan, S.
Mehndiratta, M.M.
Keywords: cerebrovascular diseases
post partum
Issue Date: Nov-2012
Citation: Wasay, M., Saadatnia, M., Venketasubramanian, N., Kaul, S., Menon, B., Gunaratne, P., Malik, A., Mehmood, K., Ahmed, S., Awan, S., Mehndiratta, M.M. (2012-11). Predictors of cerebral venous thrombosis and arterial ischemic stroke in young Asian women. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases 21 (8) : 689-694. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The management and outcome of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) may be different from that of arterial ischemic stroke (AIS). Clinically differentiating the 2 diseases on clinical grounds may be difficult. The main objective of this study was to identify predictors differentiating CVT from AIS in a large cohort of young Asian women, based on risk factors and investigations. Twelve centers in 8 Asian countries participated. Women aged 15-45 years were included if they had a diagnosis of first-ever symptomatic AIS or CVT confirmed by brain computed tomography scan or magnetic resonance imaging/magnetic resonance venography. Patients with head trauma, cerebral contusions, intracranial hemorrhage, and subarachnoid or subdural hemorrhage were excluded. Data, including demographic data, risk factor assessment, neuroimaging studies, blood tests, and cardiac studies, were collected by retrospective and then prospective chart review between January 2001 and July 2008. Outcome was based on the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score at admission, discharge, and latest follow-up. A total of 958 patients (204 with CVT and 754 with AIS) were included in the study. Age under 36 years, anemia, pregnancy or postpartum state, and presence of hemorrhagic infarcts on computed tomography scan or magnetic resonance imaging were significant predictors of CVT on univariate analysis. Age over 36 years, diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, recent myocardial infarction, electrocardiogram abnormalities, and blood glucose level >150 mg/dL were strong predictors of AIS. On multivariate analysis, postpartum state and hemorrhagic infarct were the strongest predictors of CVT (P
Source Title: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
ISSN: 10523057
DOI: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2011.03.002
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