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Title: Comparisons between autism spectrum disorders and anxiety disorders: Findings from a clinic sample in Singapore
Authors: Ooi, Y.P. 
Rescorla, L.
Sung, M.
Fung, D.S.S. 
Woo, B.
Ang, R.P.
Keywords: Anxiety disorder
Autism spectrum disorder
Child behavior checklist
Teacher report form
Issue Date: Mar-2014
Citation: Ooi, Y.P., Rescorla, L., Sung, M., Fung, D.S.S., Woo, B., Ang, R.P. (2014-03). Comparisons between autism spectrum disorders and anxiety disorders: Findings from a clinic sample in Singapore. Asia-Pacific Psychiatry 6 (1) : 46-53. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Introduction: The goals of the present study were to: (i) examine similarities and differences in behavioral/emotional problems manifested by children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and those with anxiety disorder (ANX); (ii) test the ability of each of the eight child behavioral checklist (CBCL) and teacher report form (TRF) syndrome scales to differentiate the ASD group from the ANX group; and (iii) test the ability of an ASD scale derived by Ooi etal. to differentiate the ASD group from the ANX group. Methods: Archival CBCL and TRF data from 180 children between 4 and 18 years of age (119 males, 61 females) diagnosed with ASD (n=86) or ANX (n=94) at an outpatient child psychiatric clinic in Singapore were analyzed. Results: The ASD group scored significantly higher on Social Problems and Attention Problems but significantly lower on Anxious/Depressed and Somatic Complaints than the ANX group. The groups did not show significant differences on Withdrawn/Depressed and Thought Problems. Both the CBCL and TRF ASD scales were significant predictors of the ASD group, with moderate to high sensitivity and specificity. Discussion: Our findings for an Asian sample support the diagnostic overlap between ASD and ANX reported for Western samples and underscore the importance of treating ASD as both a unitary disease and as a web of overlapping configurations of underlying problem dimensions. © 2012 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
Source Title: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry
ISSN: 17585864
DOI: 10.1111/j.1758-5872.2012.00228.x
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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