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Title: Association between glycemic control and hip fracture
Authors: Puar, T.H.
Khoo, J.J.
Cho, L.W. 
Xu, Y.
Chen, Y.T.
Chuo, A.M.
Poh, C.B.
Ng, J.M. 
Keywords: falls
glycemic control
hip fracture
type 2 diabetes mellitus
Issue Date: Aug-2012
Citation: Puar, T.H., Khoo, J.J., Cho, L.W., Xu, Y., Chen, Y.T., Chuo, A.M., Poh, C.B., Ng, J.M. (2012-08). Association between glycemic control and hip fracture. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 60 (8) : 1493-1497. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Objectives To determine whether tight glycemic control is associated with greater risk of hip fractures in individuals being treated for type 2 diabetes mellitus. Design Case-control study. Setting Tertiary hospital. Participants Cases were selected from all individuals with diabetes mellitus admitted between 2005 and 2010 to Changi General Hospital for hip fracture (N = 932). Cases were included if their glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) had been measured within 3 months of the fracture and they were undergoing treatment with oral hypoglycemic medications or insulin. Each case was matched with one control for sex, age, race, duration of diabetes mellitus, and comorbidities. Measurements Information on baseline characteristics, HbA1c, and use of diabetic medications was obtained. The likelihood of hip fracture was determined comparing four different values of HbA1c [8% (reference group)] and use of diabetic medications. Results The mean age of cases was 77.3 ± 7.7, and 73.3% were female. After adjusting for age, sex, race, comorbidities, and other covariates, participants with tighter glycemic control (HbA1c < 6% and 6.1-7.0%) were more likely to have a hip fracture than those with HbA1c >8% (odds ratio (OR) = 3.01, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 2.01-4.51, P
Source Title: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
ISSN: 00028614
DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2012.04052.x
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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