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Title: mDia1 and WAVE2 proteins interact directly with IRSp53 in filopodia and are involved in filopodium formation
Authors: Goh, W.I.
Lim, K.B. 
Sudhaharan, T.
Sem, K.P.
Bu, W.
Chou, A.M.
Ahmed, S.
Issue Date: 10-Feb-2012
Citation: Goh, W.I., Lim, K.B., Sudhaharan, T., Sem, K.P., Bu, W., Chou, A.M., Ahmed, S. (2012-02-10). mDia1 and WAVE2 proteins interact directly with IRSp53 in filopodia and are involved in filopodium formation. Journal of Biological Chemistry 287 (7) : 4702-4714. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Filopodia are dynamic actin-rich cell surface protrusions involved in cell migration, axon guidance, and wound healing. The RhoGTPase Cdc42 generates filopodia via IRSp53, a multidomain protein that links the processes of plasma membrane deformation and actin dynamics required for their formation in mammalian cells. The Src homology 3 domain of IRSp53 binds to the actin regulators Mena, Eps8, WAVE1, WAVE2, mDia1, and mDia2. We show that mDia1 and WAVE2 synergize with IRSp53 to form filopodia. IRSp53 also interacts directly with these two proteins within filopodia, as observed in acceptor photobleaching FRET studies. Measurement of filopodium formation by time-lapse imaging of live cells also revealed that depleting neuronal cells of either mDia1 or WAVE2 protein decreases the ability of IRSp53 to induce filopodia. In contrast, IRSp53 does not appear to partnerWAVE1or mDia2 to give rise to these structures. In addition, although all three isoforms of mDia are capable of inducing filopodia, IRSp53 requires only mDia1 to do so. These findings suggest that mDia1 and WAVE2 are important Src homology 3 domain partners of IRSp53 in forming filopodia. © 2012 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
Source Title: Journal of Biological Chemistry
ISSN: 00219258
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M111.305102
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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