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Title: A viscoelastic chitosan-modified three-dimensional porous poly(L-lactide-co-ε-Caprolactone) scaffold for cartilage tissue engineering
Authors: Li, C.
Wang, L.
Yang, Z. 
Kim, G.
Chen, H.
Ge, Z.
Keywords: biomimetic
Cartilage tissue engineering
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: Li, C., Wang, L., Yang, Z., Kim, G., Chen, H., Ge, Z. (2012). A viscoelastic chitosan-modified three-dimensional porous poly(L-lactide-co-ε-Caprolactone) scaffold for cartilage tissue engineering. Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition 23 (1-4) : 405-424. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Biomaterials have been playing important roles in cartilage regeneration. Although many scaffolds have been reported to enhance cartilage regeneration, none of the scaffolds available are optimal regarding mechanical properties, integration with host cartilage and providing proper micro-environment for chondrocyte attachment, proliferation and differentiation. In the current study, chitosan-modified poly(L-lactide-co-ε-caprolactone) (PLCL) scaffolds were fabricated to simulate the main biochemical components of cartilage, as well as their interaction with the aim to endow them with viscoelasticity similar to native cartilage. Porous PLCL scaffolds were fabricated with porogen-leaching, freeze-extraction and freeze-gelation before chitosan was cross-linked. The acquired porous scaffolds had pore sizes ranging from 200 to 500 μm and about 85% porosity with good interconnection between individual pores. Chitosan was successfully cross-linked to PLCL scaffolds, as validated by ninhydrin staining and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The viscoelasticity of the scaffolds was similar to that of bovine cartilage and they had a relatively good recovery ratio from compression deformation, while the Young's modulus was one order of magnitude less than cartilage. Not only could the chitosan-modified PLCL scaffolds promote cell adhesion and proliferation, but also they could significantly enhance excretion of aggrecan and type-II collagen, as testified by both histology and quantitative PCR, compared with PLCL scaffolds. With the fabrication of biomimetic scaffolds, it is possible to make scaffolds for cartilage tissue engineering, which are not only biocompatible, but also have mechanical properties similar to native cartilage. © 2012 VSP.
Source Title: Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition
ISSN: 09205063
DOI: 10.1163/092050610X551970
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