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Title: Quantum metrology with imperfect states and detectors
Authors: Datta, A.
Zhang, L.
Thomas-Peter, N.
Dorner, U. 
Smith, B.J.
Walmsley, I.A.
Issue Date: 24-Jun-2011
Citation: Datta, A., Zhang, L., Thomas-Peter, N., Dorner, U., Smith, B.J., Walmsley, I.A. (2011-06-24). Quantum metrology with imperfect states and detectors. Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics 83 (6) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Quantum enhancements of precision in metrology can be compromised by system imperfections. These may be mitigated by appropriate optimization of the input state to render it robust, at the expense of making the state difficult to prepare. In this paper, we identify the major sources of imperfection of an optical sensor: input state preparation inefficiency, sensor losses, and detector inefficiency. The second of these has received much attention; we show that it is the least damaging to surpassing the standard quantum limit in a optical interferometric sensor. Further, we show that photonic states that can be prepared in the laboratory using feasible resources allow a measurement strategy using photon-number-resolving detectors that not only attain the Heisenberg limit for phase estimation in the absence of losses, but also deliver close to the maximum possible precision in realistic scenarios including losses and inefficiencies. In particular, we give bounds for the tradeoff between the three sources of imperfection that will allow true quantum-enhanced optical metrology. © 2011 American Physical Society.
Source Title: Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
ISSN: 10502947
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.83.063836
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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