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Title: Peptide mimicking antigenic and immunogenic epitope of double-stranded DNA in systemic lupus erythematosus
Authors: Sun, Y.
Fong, K.-Y.
Chung, M.C.M.
Yao, Z.-J. 
Keywords: Anti-double-stranded DNA antibody
Phage peptide library
Issue Date: 2001
Citation: Sun, Y.,Fong, K.-Y.,Chung, M.C.M.,Yao, Z.-J. (2001). Peptide mimicking antigenic and immunogenic epitope of double-stranded DNA in systemic lupus erythematosus. International Immunology 13 (2) : 223-232. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Autoantibodies to double-stranded (ds) DNA are an important diagnostic marker and pathogenic factor for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Identifying dsDNA mimotopes is a way to discover diagnosis and therapeutic candidates for SLE. 'Mono-specific' SLE anti-dsDNA antibodies were obtained by affinity purification using dsDN-coupled Sepharose column. Using the anti-dsDNA antibodies to screen a phage peptide library, we were able to identify a mimotope that has a motif peptide sequence of RLTSSLRYNP. This chemically synthesized peptide could be recognized by 88% (37 out of 42) of anti-dsDNA antibody-positive SLE sera with a cut-off point at mean + 3 SD of the negative control sera at OD492. The reaction of the peptide with SLE sera in ELISA was highly correlated with that of dsDNA (r = 0.809, P < 0.0001). Of particular interest, not only dsDNA but also single-stranded (ss) DNA and native RNA could inhibit the binding of the peptide with SLE sera, suggesting that the mimotope is shared by ds and ssDNAs as well as native RNA, whereas denatured RNA was not observed to inhibit the binding. The peptide was also able to elicit an immune response in rabbits and the anti-peptide rabbit serum was observed to cross-react with the peptide, ss and sdDNAs, and ss and dsDNAs could inhibit the binding of the anti-peptide serum and the peptide. However, the inhibition was not obtained with RNA. Our findings demonstrate the potential of the peptide mimic in diagnostic tests of SLE, and in the investigation of anti-DNA origin and of DNA-anti-DNA antibody interaction.
Source Title: International Immunology
ISSN: 09538178
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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