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Title: Distribution of selected elements in atherosclerotic plaques of apoE/LDLR-double knockout mice subjected to dietary and pharmacological treatments
Authors: Gajda, M.
Kowalska, J.
Banaś, A. 
Banaś, K. 
Kwiatek, W.M.
Kostogrys, R.B.
Mateuszuk, Ł.
Chłopicki, S.
Litwin, J.A.
Appel, K.
Keywords: Atherosclerosis
Issue Date: Oct-2011
Citation: Gajda, M., Kowalska, J., Banaś, A., Banaś, K., Kwiatek, W.M., Kostogrys, R.B., Mateuszuk, Ł., Chłopicki, S., Litwin, J.A., Appel, K. (2011-10). Distribution of selected elements in atherosclerotic plaques of apoE/LDLR-double knockout mice subjected to dietary and pharmacological treatments. Radiation Physics and Chemistry 80 (10) : 1072-1077. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Gene-targeted, apolipoprotein E and LDL receptor-double knockout (apoE/LDLR-/-) mice represent a new animal model that displays severe hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis. The aim of the present study was to show changes in histomorphology and in distribution of selected elements in atherosclerotic plaques of apoE/LDLR-/- mice fed egg-rich proatherosclerotic diet (5% egg-yolk lyophilisate) supplemented or not with perindopril (inhibitor of angiotensin converting enzyme; 2mg/kg b.w.). Synchrotron radiation micro-X-ray fluorescence spectrometry was combined with histological stainings to determine distribution and concentration of trace and essential elements in atherosclerotic lesions. More advanced atherosclerotic lesions expressed by total area occupied by lipids (oil red-O staining) and by macrophages (CD68 immunohistochemistry) were observed in animals fed egg-rich diet. The perindopril treatment attenuated these effects. No significant differences were observed in the number of intimal smooth muscle cells (smooth muscle actin immunohistochemistry). In animals fed egg-rich diet significantly higher concentrations of Ca and significantly lower contents of S, Cl, Fe, Cu, Zn and Se in atheromas were seen in comparison to chow diet-fed animals. After pharmacological treatment, concentrations of S, Cl, Fe, Cu, Zn and Se showed the tendency to achieve levels like in animals fed normal diet. K level differed only in group treated with perindopril. Concentration of P did not significantly vary in all experimental groups. Perindopril showed its potency to reduce atherosclerosis, as estimated by the size of the atheroma and content of pro- and antiatherogenic elements. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Source Title: Radiation Physics and Chemistry
ISSN: 0969806X
DOI: 10.1016/j.radphyschem.2011.02.021
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