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Title: UV-visible-near infrared photoabsorption and photodetection using close-packed metallic gold nanoparticle network
Authors: Xie, X.N. 
Zhong, Y.L.
Dhoni, M.S.
Xie, Y.
Loh, K.P. 
Sow, C.H. 
Ji, W. 
Wee, A.T.S. 
Issue Date: 2010
Citation: Xie, X.N., Zhong, Y.L., Dhoni, M.S., Xie, Y., Loh, K.P., Sow, C.H., Ji, W., Wee, A.T.S. (2010). UV-visible-near infrared photoabsorption and photodetection using close-packed metallic gold nanoparticle network. Journal of Applied Physics 107 (5) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Photocurrent generation and photodetection are usually based on semiconductor crystals including Si, CdS, and PbS. This work reports the enhanced photoabsorption and photodetection of close-packed metallic Au nanoparticles (NPs) in the UV-VIS (visible)-NIR (near infrared) region. Photoabsorption in the UV-VIS regions is associated with the interband transition and surface plasmon resonance of AuNPs, while the enhanced NIR absorption is due to the collective effect of interacting AuNPs in the close-packed network. Consequently, the AuNPs exhibits photodetection behavior in the wavelength range of 300-1500 nm. It is proposed that the inter-AuNP photoejection and delocalization of electron-hole pairs changes the carrier lifetime and transit dynamics in favor of photocarrier conduction, thus significantly facilitating photocurrent generation in the metallic AuNP close-pack. Moreover, due to the power-law conduction mechanism in AuNP networks, the quantum yield of AuNPs can be tuned from 10-6 to 10-1 photoelectron/photon by increasing the bias voltage from 0 to 5 V. The AuNP quantum yield of 10-1 at 5 V is as high as that of commercial Si photodetectors at 0 V, and this demonstrates the immediate applicability of AuNPs in photodetection. In view of the compatibility of AuNPs with wet-chemistry and inkjet printing processes at low temperatures, metallic AuNPs may provide a convenient alternative to semiconductor crystals in photodetection and perhaps photovoltaic applications. © 2010 American Institute of Physics.
Source Title: Journal of Applied Physics
ISSN: 00218979
DOI: 10.1063/1.3310367
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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