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|Title:||Characterisation of Independent DNA and Multiple Zn-binding Domains at the N Terminus of Human DNA-(Cytosine-5) Methyltransferase: Modulating the Property of a DNA-binding Domain by Contiguous Zn-binding Motifs||Authors:||Chuang, L.S.-H.
|Issue Date:||19-Apr-1996||Citation:||Chuang, L.S.-H., Ng, H.-H., Chia, J.-N., Li, B.F.L. (1996-04-19). Characterisation of Independent DNA and Multiple Zn-binding Domains at the N Terminus of Human DNA-(Cytosine-5) Methyltransferase: Modulating the Property of a DNA-binding Domain by Contiguous Zn-binding Motifs. Journal of Molecular Biology 257 (5) : 935-948. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1006/jmbi.1996.0213||Abstract:||We report here a detailed mapping and characterisation of a DNA-binding domain at the N terminus of human DNA-(cytosine-5) methyltransferase. A small region, B1 (codon 202 to 369), was first identified by its Zn- and gross DNA-binding properties. Further fine-mapping using deletion and point mutation analysis shows that the DNA- and Zn-binding domains involve separate peptide motifs, KRRKTTPKEPTEKK (codons 202 to 215) for a bipartite DNA-binding oligopeptide (DB1) and CX2CXi3HX2 D(X)23EX2EX13CX3H (codons 232 to 297) for possibly two contiguous Zn-binding domains (AZn), which can function independently However, B1 (containing DB1 and AZn) differs from DB1 because it does not bind to a 30 base-pair duplex. Interestingly, H3 codons 202 to 974, which encloses B1 and B2 (containing the Zn-binding CX2CX2CX4CX2CX2C motif from codon 533 to 550) binds preferentially to 0.8 kb duplexes, as compared with 0.4 and 0.6 kb duplexes. As the homologous murine B1, which targets the murine methylase to replication foci, also binds to DNA and Zn, it is possible that the N terminus of mammalian methylase may be involved in sensing the appropriate length of newly synthesized DNA before methylation by its C terminus. This may enable a time delay for the transient existence of hemi-methylation sites for their unknown biological functions in mammals. © 1996 Academic Press Limited.||Source Title:||Journal of Molecular Biology||URI:||http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/115632||ISSN:||00222836||DOI:||10.1006/jmbi.1996.0213|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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