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|Title:||Synthesis of 2-(p-chlorobenzyl)-3-aryl-6-methoxybenzofurans as selective ligands for antiestrogen-binding sites. Effects on cell proliferation and cholesterol synthesis||Authors:||Teo, C.C.
|Issue Date:||1992||Citation:||Teo, C.C.,Kon, O.L.,Sim, K.Y.,Ng, S.C. (1992). Synthesis of 2-(p-chlorobenzyl)-3-aryl-6-methoxybenzofurans as selective ligands for antiestrogen-binding sites. Effects on cell proliferation and cholesterol synthesis. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 35 (8) : 1330-1339. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.||Abstract:||A series of nonsteroidal compounds, 2-(p-chlorobenzyl)-3-aryl-6-methoxybenzofurans derived from the 2-(p-chlorobenzyl)-6-methoxy-3(2H)-benzofuranones has been synthesized. The key steps in the synthesis were reactions of 2-(p-chlorobenzyl)-6-methoxy-3(2H)-benzofuranones with the arylorganometallic reagents followed by dehydration of the resulting carbinols. The benzofurans are ligands for antiestrogen-binding sites (AEBS) and display no significant interaction with the estrogen receptor (ER). All bind to AEBS with equivalent or greater affinity than tamoxifen. These compounds decrease [3H]thymidine incorporation in AEBS-containing EL4 lymphoid cells and MCF7 breast cancer cells in a concentration-dependent manner between 10-8 and 10-6 M and are generally more inhibitory than tamoxifen. In contrast, they have no effect on [3H]thymidine incorporation by an AEBS-deficient variant of the MCF7 cell line, RTx6. The present findings of (1) selective and high affinity binding of the benzofurans to AEBS, (2) their concentration-dependent inhibition of [3H]thymidine incorporation in AEBS-containing cells, and (3) their lack of antiproliferative effect in an AEBS-deficient cell line suggest a functional role for AEBS in mediating the antigrowth effect of these compounds. Two of the more active benzofuran compounds also significantly inhibited de novo cholesterol biosynthesis in EL4 cells which lack ER. This effect could be obtained after 5 h of treatment and preceded significant loss of cell viability. This is the first demonstration that selective ligands of AEBS (other than the known nonsteroidal antiestrogens) interfere with cholesterol biosynthesis - an action that may contribute to their antigrowth effect. © 1992 American Chemical Society.||Source Title:||Journal of Medicinal Chemistry||URI:||http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/113666||ISSN:||00222623|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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