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dc.titleExpression of the human myotonic dystrophy kinase-related Cdc42-binding kinase γ is regulated by promoter DNA methylation and Sp1 binding
dc.contributor.authorNg, Y.
dc.contributor.authorTan, I.
dc.contributor.authorLim, L.
dc.contributor.authorLeung, T.
dc.identifier.citationNg, Y., Tan, I., Lim, L., Leung, T. (2004-08-13). Expression of the human myotonic dystrophy kinase-related Cdc42-binding kinase γ is regulated by promoter DNA methylation and Sp1 binding. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279 (33) : 34156-34164. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
dc.description.abstractMyotonic dystrophy kinase-related Cdc42 binding kinasas (MRCKs) are family members most related to the myotonic dystrophy kinase (DMPK), RhoA-binding kinase (ROK), and citron kinase. Two highly conserved members, MRCKα and -β, have been previously identified and characterized. We now describe a novel isoform, MRCKγ, which is functionally and structurally related to members of this kinase family. We show these kinases to have marked similarities in their genomic organization, substrate phosphorylation, and catalytic autoinhibition. Unlike MRCKα and -β, which are expressed ubiquitously, MRCKγ mRNA was only expressed in heart and skeletal muscle. In cultured cells, MRCKγ showed differential expression with high levels of expression only in certain cell lines. DNA analysis showed that lack of expression is correlated with promoter DNA meihylation. We have mapped the methylation sites in the MRCKγ promoter. Significantly, agents that suppressed DNA methylation caused increases in the expression of the kinase in low-expressing cells, further supporting the notion that promoter DNA methylation plays an important role in the expression of MRCKγ. Analysis of the MRCKγ promoter has also revealed two proximal Sp1 sites that are essential for transcriptional activity. We conclude that both promoter DNA methylation and Sp1 binding are important regulators for MRCKγ expression.
dc.description.sourcetitleJournal of Biological Chemistry
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