Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-012-4223-9
Title: Characterization of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene RtGPD1 and development of genetic transformation method by dominant selection in oleaginous yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides
Authors: Liu, Y.
Koh, C.M.J.
Sun, L.
Hlaing, M.M. 
Du, M.
Peng, N.
Ji, L. 
Keywords: Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation
Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
Microbial oil
Oleaginous yeast
Rhodosporidium toruloides
Issue Date: Jan-2013
Citation: Liu, Y., Koh, C.M.J., Sun, L., Hlaing, M.M., Du, M., Peng, N., Ji, L. (2013-01). Characterization of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene RtGPD1 and development of genetic transformation method by dominant selection in oleaginous yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 97 (2) : 719-729. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-012-4223-9
Abstract: The oleaginous yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides, which belongs to the Pucciniomycotina subphylum in the Basidiomycota, has attracted strong interest in the biofuel community recently due to its ability to accumulate more than 60% of dry biomass as lipid under high-density fermentation. A 3,543-nucleotide (nt) DNA fragment of the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene (GPD1) was isolated from R. toruloides ATCC 10657 and characterized in details. The 1,038-nt mRNA derived from seven exons encodes an open reading frame (ORF) of 345 amino acids that shows high identity (80%) to the Ustilago maydis homolog. Notably, the ORF is composed of codons strongly biased towards cytosine at the Wobble position. GPD1 is transcriptionally regulated by temperature shock, osmotic stress, and carbon source. Nested deletion analysis of the GPD1 promoter by GFP reporter assay revealed that two regions, -975 to -1,270 and -1,270 to -1,429, upstream from the translational start site of GPD1 were important for responses to various stress stimuli. Interestingly, a 176-bp short fragment maintained 42.2% promoter activity of the 795-bp version in U. maydis whereas it was reduced to 17.4% in R. toruloides. The GPD1 promoter drove strong expression of a codon-optimized enhanced green fluorescent protein gene (RtGFP) and a codon-optimized hygromycin phosphotransferase gene (hpt-3), which was critical for Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation in R. toruloides. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.
Source Title: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/112915
ISSN: 01757598
DOI: 10.1007/s00253-012-4223-9
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