Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.82.032105
Title: Violation of multipartite Bell inequalities with classical subsystems via operationally local transformations
Authors: Williamson, M.S. 
Heaney, L.
Son, W. 
Issue Date: 9-Sep-2010
Citation: Williamson, M.S., Heaney, L., Son, W. (2010-09-09). Violation of multipartite Bell inequalities with classical subsystems via operationally local transformations. Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics 82 (3) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.82.032105
Abstract: Recently, it was demonstrated by Son, Phys. Rev. Lett.PRLTAO0031-900710. 1103/PhysRevLett.102.110404 102, 110404 (2009), that a separable bipartite continuous-variable quantum system can violate the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt (CHSH) inequality via operationally local transformations. Operationally local transformations are parametrized only by local variables; however, in order to allow violation of the CHSH inequality, a maximally entangled ancilla was necessary. The use of the entangled ancilla in this scheme caused the state under test to become dependent on the measurement choice one uses to calculate the CHSH inequality, thus violating one of the assumptions used in deriving a Bell inequality, namely, the free will or statistical independence assumption. The novelty in this scheme however is that the measurement settings can be external free parameters. In this paper, we generalize these operationally local transformations for multipartite Bell inequalities (with dichotomic observables) and provide necessary and sufficient conditions for violation within this scheme. Namely, a violation of a multipartite Bell inequality in this setting is contingent on whether an ancillary system admits any realistic local hidden variable model (i.e., whether the ancilla violates the given Bell inequality). These results indicate that violation of a Bell inequality performed on a system does not necessarily imply that the system is nonlocal. In fact, the system under test may be completely classical. However, nonlocality must have resided somewhere, this may have been in the environment, the physical variables used to manipulate the system or the detectors themselves provided the measurement settings are external free variables. © 2010 The American Physical Society.
Source Title: Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/112543
ISSN: 10502947
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.82.032105
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