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Title: Narrow band source of transform-limited photon pairs via four-wave mixing in a cold atomic ensemble
Authors: Srivathsan, B.
Gulati, G.K.
Chng, B. 
Maslennikov, G. 
Matsukevich, D. 
Kurtsiefer, C. 
Issue Date: 17-Sep-2013
Citation: Srivathsan, B., Gulati, G.K., Chng, B., Maslennikov, G., Matsukevich, D., Kurtsiefer, C. (2013-09-17). Narrow band source of transform-limited photon pairs via four-wave mixing in a cold atomic ensemble. Physical Review Letters 111 (12) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We observe narrow band pairs of time-correlated photons of wavelengths 776 and 795 nm from nondegenerate four-wave mixing in a laser-cooled atomic ensemble of Rb87 using a cascade decay scheme. Coupling the photon pairs into single mode fibers, we observe an instantaneous rate of 7700 pairs per second with silicon avalanche photodetectors, and an optical bandwidth below 30 MHz. Detection events exhibit a strong correlation in time [g(2)(τ=0) ≈5800] and a high coupling efficiency indicated by a pair-to-single ratio of 23%. The violation of the Cauchy-Schwarz inequality by a factor of 8.4×106 indicates a strong nonclassical correlation between the generated fields, while a Hanbury Brown-Twiss experiment in the individual photons reveals their thermal nature. The comparison between the measured frequency bandwidth and 1/e decay time of g(2) indicates a transform-limited spectrum of the photon pairs. The narrow bandwidth and brightness of our source makes it ideal for interacting with atomic ensembles in quantum communication protocols. © 2013 American Physical Society.
Source Title: Physical Review Letters
ISSN: 00319007
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.123602
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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