Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.274.25.18128
Title: Retinoic acid confers resistance to p53-dependent apoptosis in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells by modulating nuclear import of p53
Authors: Ronca, F. 
Yee, K.S.Y. 
Yu, V.C. 
Issue Date: 18-Jun-1999
Citation: Ronca, F., Yee, K.S.Y., Yu, V.C. (1999-06-18). Retinoic acid confers resistance to p53-dependent apoptosis in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells by modulating nuclear import of p53. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274 (25) : 18128-18134. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.274.25.18128
Abstract: Many cell lines derived from neuroblastoma (NB) carry the wild-type p53 gene with a p53-dependent apoptotic pathway that is responsive to DNA damaging agents. A recent study has demonstrated that retinoic acid (RA) pretreatment of NB cells promotes chemoresistance to apoptosis induced by chemotherapeutic agents. We examine here the possible contribution of the p53 pathway to the chemoresistance response associated with the RA treatment in NB cells. Upon treatment with RA (1-10 μM) for 4 days, the human NB cells, SH-SY5Y, developed resistance selectively to p53-dependent apoptotic stimuli including γ-irradiation, etoposide, and 1-(5-isoquinolinyl sulfonyl)-2- methylpiperazine (H-7). Interestingly, RA affected the ability of H-7 to induce nuclear accumulation of the p53 protein without altering its effect on elevating the steady-state level of p53, suggesting that drug-induced up- regulation and nuclear accumulation of the wild-type p53 protein are separable processes. The modulation of nuclear import of p53 protein by RA may thus represent a potential mechanism by which certain tumor cells with the wild-type p53 gene develop resistance to chemotherapeutic agents.
Source Title: Journal of Biological Chemistry
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/112053
ISSN: 00219258
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.274.25.18128
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