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|Title:||Recovery of the yeast cell cycle from heat shock-induced G1 arrest involves a positive regulation of G1 cyclin expression by the S phase cyclin Clb5||Authors:||Li, X.
|Issue Date:||20-Aug-1999||Citation:||Li, X., Cai, M. (1999-08-20). Recovery of the yeast cell cycle from heat shock-induced G1 arrest involves a positive regulation of G1 cyclin expression by the S phase cyclin Clb5. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274 (34) : 24220-24231. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.274.34.24220||Abstract:||In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, heat shock stress induces a variety of cellular responses including a transient cell cycle arrest before G1/S transition. Previous studies have suggested that this G1 delay is probably attributable to a reduced level of the G1 cyclin gene (CLN1 and CLN2) transcripts. Here we report our finding that the G1 cyclin Cln3 and the S cyclin Clb5 are the key factors required for recovery from heat shock- induced G1 arrest. Heat shock treatment of G1 cells lacking either CLN3 or CLB5/CLB6 functions leads to prolonged cell cycle arrest before the initiation of DNA synthesis, concomitant with a severe deficiency in bud formation. The inability of the clb5 clb6 mutant to resume normal budding after heat shock treatment is unanticipated, since the S phase cyclins are generally thought to be required mainly for initiation of DNA synthesis and have no significant roles in bud formation in the presence of functional G1 cyclins. Further studies reveal that the accumulation of G1 cyclin transcripts is markedly delayed in the clb5 clb6 mutant following heat shock treatment, indicating that the CLN gene expression may require Clb5/Clb6 to attain a threshold level for driving the cell cycle through G1/S transition. Consistent with this assumption, overproduction of Clb5 greatly enhances the transcription of at least two G1 cyclin genes (CLN1 and CLN2) in heat- shocked G1 cells. These results suggest that Clb5 may positively regulate the expression of G1 cyclins during cellular recovery from heat shock- induced G1 arrest. Additional evidence is presented to support a role for Clb5 in maintaining the synchrony between budding and DNA synthesis during normal cell division as well.||Source Title:||Journal of Biological Chemistry||URI:||http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/112042||ISSN:||00219258||DOI:||10.1074/jbc.274.34.24220|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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