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Title: O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase in human brain tumors detected by activity assay and monoclonal antibodies
Authors: Citron, M.
White, A.
Decker, R.
Wasserman, P.
Li, B. 
Randall, T.
Guerra, D.
Belanich, M.
Yarosh, D.
Keywords: alkyltransferase
glioblastoma multiforme
monoclonal antibodies
Issue Date: 1995
Citation: Citron, M.,White, A.,Decker, R.,Wasserman, P.,Li, B.,Randall, T.,Guerra, D.,Belanich, M.,Yarosh, D. (1995). O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase in human brain tumors detected by activity assay and monoclonal antibodies. Oncology Research 7 (1) : 49-55. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) activity was measured in 68 tissue samples taken from brain. A wide range in activity among samples was observed, with all nonmalignant samples showing transferase activity (Mer+) but approximately 15% of WHO grade II low-grade astrocytomas and WHO grade IV glioblastoma multiformes lacking activity (Mer-). On average, astrocytomas and glioblastomas showed less transferase activity than either nonmalignant tissue or meningiomas. Monoclonal antibodies specific for MGMT showed both cytoplasmic and nuclear staining of Mer+ brain tumor cells in culture but no staining of Mer- cells in culture. In pathology specimens from anaplastic astrocytomas, glioblastoma multiformes, and meningiomas, antibody staining revealed both cytoplasmic and nuclear MGMT, while one sample showed little or no MGMT-specific staining. These results help explain why nitrosoureas have been among the most successful agents in treatment of brain tumors and indicate the subcellular localization for the repair activity, which may be relevant to nitrosourea resistance. © 1995.
Source Title: Oncology Research
ISSN: 09650407
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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