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Title: Light-dependent and tissue-specific expression of the H-protein of the glycine decarboxylase complex
Authors: Srinivasan, R. 
Oliver, D.J.
Issue Date: Sep-1995
Citation: Srinivasan, R.,Oliver, D.J. (1995-09). Light-dependent and tissue-specific expression of the H-protein of the glycine decarboxylase complex. Plant Physiology 109 (1) : 161-168. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Glycine decarboxylase is a mitochondrial enzyme complex, which is the site of photorespiratory CO2 and NH3 release. Although the proteins that constitute the complex are located within the mitochondria, because of their intimate association with photosynthesis their expression is controlled by light. Comparisons of the kinetics of mRNA accumulation between the small subunit of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase and the H-protein of glycine decarboxylase during the greening of etiolated Arabidopsis thaliana suggest that their expression is controlled in parallel. A genomic clone for the H-protein (gdcH) was isolated from Arabidopsis and sequenced. The upstream region from -856 to +62 was fused to the β-glucuronidase (GUS) reporter gene, and this construct was transformed into tobacco. This 5′ upstream regulatory region appears to control GUS expression in a manner very similar to that of the endogenous H-protein gene. Constructs with deletions in the 5′ upstream region were transformed into tobacco. These deletions revealed that light-dependent and tissue-specific expression was largely controlled by a 259-bp region between -376 and -117 bp. This region contains several putative GT boxes with the GGTTAA consensus core sequence. Once these strong light-dependent elements were removed, a second level of control was revealed. In constructs in which the gdcH 5′ regulatory region was shortened to -117 bp or less, there was more GUS activity in the roots than in the leaves, and in dark-grown plants than in light-grown plants. This suggests that more proximal control elements may be responsible for the constitutive low levels of gene expression noted in all nonphotosynthetic tissues.
Source Title: Plant Physiology
ISSN: 00320889
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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