Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1002/cyto.a.22111
Title: Bleaching response of Symbiodinium (zooxanthellae): Determination by flow cytometry
Authors: Lee, C.S. 
Wilson Yeo, Y.S.
Sin, T.M. 
Keywords: Bleaching response
Chlorophyll
Flow cytometry
Microscopy
Zooxanthellae
Issue Date: Oct-2012
Citation: Lee, C.S., Wilson Yeo, Y.S., Sin, T.M. (2012-10). Bleaching response of Symbiodinium (zooxanthellae): Determination by flow cytometry. Cytometry Part A 81 A (10) : 888-895. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1002/cyto.a.22111
Abstract: Coral bleaching is of increasing concern to reef management and stakeholders. Thus far, quantification of coral bleaching tends to be heavily reliant on the enumeration of zooxanthellae, with less emphasis on assessment of photosynthetic or physiological condition, these being often assessed separately by techniques such as liquid chromatography. Traditional methods of enumeration using microscopy are time consuming, subjected to low precision and great observer error. In this study, we presented a method for the distinction of physoiological condition and rapid enumeration of zooxanthellae using flow cytometry (FCM). Microscopy verified that healthy looking/live versus damaged/dead zooxanthellae could be reliably and objectively distinguished and counted by FCM on the basis of red and green fluorescence and light scatter. Excellent correlations were also determined between FCM and microscopy estimates of cell concentrations of fresh zooxanthellae isolates from Pocillopora damicornis. The relative intensities of chlorophyll and β-carotene fluorescences were shown to be important in understanding the results of increased cell counts in freshly isolated zooxanthellae experimentally exposed to high temperatures (34, 36, and 38°C) over 24 h, with ambient temperature (29°C) used as controls. The ability to simultaneously identify and enumerate subpopulations of different physiological states in the same sample provides an enormous advantage in not just determining bleaching responses, but elucidating adaptive response and mechanisms for tolerance. Therefore, this approach might provide a rapid, convenient, and reproducible methodology for climate change studies and reef management programs. © 2012 International Society for Advancement of Cytometry.
Source Title: Cytometry Part A
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/110843
ISSN: 15524922
DOI: 10.1002/cyto.a.22111
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