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Title: Severity of pediatric blepharokeratoconjunctivitis in Asian eyes
Authors: Teo, L.
Mehta, J.S. 
Htoon, H.M.
Tan, D.T.H.
Issue Date: Mar-2012
Citation: Teo, L., Mehta, J.S., Htoon, H.M., Tan, D.T.H. (2012-03). Severity of pediatric blepharokeratoconjunctivitis in Asian eyes. American Journal of Ophthalmology 153 (3) : 564-570. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: • Purpose: To describe and evaluate the severity of pediatric blepharokeratoconjunctivitis in Asia. • Design: Retrospective case series. • Methods: Clinical records of patients diagnosed with pediatric blepharokeratoconjunctivitis at a tertiary referral center in Singapore from 1991 through 2010 were reviewed. Patients were graded as having mild (corneal involvement without scarring), moderate (corneal scarring), or severe (corneal scarring with thinning or perforation) disease based on recorded clinical findings. Results: Fifty-one patients were diagnosed with pediatric blepharokeratoconjunctivitis. The mean age at presentation was 10.2 ± 3.6 years, most patients were female (80.4%), and the mean duration of follow-up was 58.9 ± 44.0 months. Chinese (56.9%) subjects made up most of the cases. Most subjects had moderate (56.9%), followed by severe (37.4%) and mild (5.9%), disease. Four patients (7.9%) had an associated dermatologic disease. All patients were treated with topical antibiotics, and 98% were treated with topical steroids. Nineteen (37.3%) patients received systemic antibiotic therapy, and 1 received systemic steroid therapy. Three patients required deep lamellar keratoplasty (2 tectonic and 1 optical), and 2 underwent cornea gluing alone; all 5 of them were Chinese. Patients graded as having severe disease were more likely to undergo surgical intervention (26.3%) than patients who were graded as having moderate (0%) and mild (0%) disease (P
Source Title: American Journal of Ophthalmology
ISSN: 00029394
DOI: 10.1016/j.ajo.2011.08.037
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