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Title: Reduced visual processing capacity in sleep deprived persons
Authors: Kong, D.
Soon, C.S.
Chee, M.W.L. 
Keywords: Attention
Perceptual load
Repetition suppression
Sleep deprivation
Visual cortex
Issue Date: 15-Mar-2011
Citation: Kong, D., Soon, C.S., Chee, M.W.L. (2011-03-15). Reduced visual processing capacity in sleep deprived persons. NeuroImage 55 (2) : 629-634. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Multiple experiments have found sleep deprivation to lower task-related parietal and extrastriate visual activation, suggesting a reduction of visual processing capacity in this state. The perceptual load theory of attention (Lavie, 1995) predicts that our capacity to process unattended distractors will be reduced by increasing perceptual difficulty of task-relevant stimuli. Here, we evaluated the effects of sleep deprivation and perceptual load on visual processing capacity by measuring neural repetition-suppression to unattended scenes while healthy volunteers attended to faces embedded in face-scene pictures. Perceptual load did not affect repetition suppression after a normal night of sleep. Sleep deprivation reduced repetition suppression in the parahippocampal place area (PPA) in the high but not low perceptual load condition. Additionally, the extent to which task-related fusiform face area (FFA) activation was reduced after sleep deprivation correlated with behavioral performance and lowered repetition suppression in the PPA. The findings concerning correct responses indicate that a portion of stimulus related activation following a normal night of sleep contributes to potentially useful visual processing capacity that is attenuated following sleep deprivation. Finally, when unattended stimuli are not highly intrusive, sleep deprivation does not appear to increase distractibility. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.
Source Title: NeuroImage
ISSN: 10538119
DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2010.12.057
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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