Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Complex epithelial-mesenchymal interactions modulate transforming growth factor-β expression in keloid-derived cells||Authors:||Xia, W.
|Issue Date:||Sep-2004||Citation:||Xia, W., Phan, T.-T., Lim, I.J., Longaker, M.T., Yang, G.P. (2004-09). Complex epithelial-mesenchymal interactions modulate transforming growth factor-β expression in keloid-derived cells. Wound Repair and Regeneration 12 (5) : 546-556. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1067-1927.2004.012507.x||Abstract:||Keloids are proliferative dermal growths representing a pathologic wound healing response. We have previously demonstrated that coculture of fibroblasts derived from either keloid or normal skin have an elevated proliferation rate when cocultured with keloid-derived keratinocytes vs. normal keratinocytes. In these studies, we examined the contribution of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) to this phenomenon using a two-chamber coculture system. Fibroblast proliferation in coculture was slower with the addition of a pan-TGF-β neutralizing antibody. Keloid keratinocytes in coculture expressed more TGF-β1, -β3, and TGF-β receptor 1 than normal keratinocytes. Keloid fibroblasts cocultured with keloid keratinocytes expressed more mRNA for TGF-β1, -β2, TGF-β receptor 1, and Smad2. Keloid fibroblasts also produced more type I collagen, connective tissue growth factor, and insulin-like growth factor-II/mannose-6-phosphate receptor when cocultured with keloid keratinocytes vs. normal keratinocytes. Levels of total and activated TGF-β activity increased when fibroblasts were cocultured with keratinocytes, correlating with the changes in transcriptional activity of TGF-β. In conclusion, we find a complex paracrine interaction regulates TGF-β mRNA expression and activation between keratinocytes and fibroblasts. These data suggest that keloid pathogenesis may result from both an increased TGF-β production and activation by the keloid keratinocyte, and elevated TGF-β expression, utilization, and signaling in keloid fibroblasts.||Source Title:||Wound Repair and Regeneration||URI:||http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/108112||ISSN:||10671927||DOI:||10.1111/j.1067-1927.2004.012507.x|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
Show full item record
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
checked on Apr 17, 2021
WEB OF SCIENCETM
checked on Apr 9, 2021
checked on Apr 11, 2021
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.