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dc.titleCharacterization and expression of the plasmid-borne bedD gene from Pseudomonas putida ML2, which codes for a NAD+-dependent cis-benzene dihydrodiol dehydrogenase
dc.contributor.authorFong, K.P.Y.
dc.contributor.authorGoh, C.B.H.
dc.contributor.authorTan, H.-M.
dc.identifier.citationFong, K.P.Y.,Goh, C.B.H.,Tan, H.-M. (1996). Characterization and expression of the plasmid-borne bedD gene from Pseudomonas putida ML2, which codes for a NAD+-dependent cis-benzene dihydrodiol dehydrogenase. Journal of Bacteriology 178 (19) : 5592-5601. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
dc.description.abstractThe catabolic plasmid pHMT112 in Pseudomonas putida ML2 contains the bed gene cluster encoding benzene dioxygenase (bedC1C2BA) and 4 NAD+-dependent dehydrogenase (bedD) required to convert benzene into catechol. Analysis of the nucleotide sequence upstream of the benzene dioxygenase gene cluster (bedC1C2BA) revealed a 1,098-bp open reading frame (bedD) flanked by two 42- bp direct repeats, each containing a 14-bp sequence identical to the inverted repeat of IS26. In vitro translation analysis showed bedD to code for a polypeptide of ca, 39 kDa. Both the nucleotide and the deduced amino acid sequences show significant identity to sequences of glycerol dehydrogenases from Escherichia coli, Citrobacter freundii, and Bacillus stearothermophilus. A bedD mutant of P. putida ML2 in which the gene was disrupted by a kanamycin resistance cassette was unable to utilize benzene for growth. The bedD gene product was found to complement the todD mutation in P. putida 39/D, the latter defective in the analogous cis-toluene dihydrodiol dehydrogenase. The dehydrogenase encoded by bedD was overexpressed in Escherichia coli and purified. It was found to utilize NAD+ as an electron acceptor and exhibited higher substrate specificity for cis-benzene dihydrodiol and 1,2-propanediol compared with glycerol. Such a medium-chain dehydrogenase is the first to be reported for a Pseudomonas species, and its association with an aromatic ring-hydroxylating dioxygenase is unique among bacterial species capable of metabolizing aromatic hydrocarbons.
dc.description.sourcetitleJournal of Bacteriology
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