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Title: Bismuth titanate from mechanical activation of a chemically coprecipitated precursor
Authors: Ng, S.H.
Xue, J. 
Wang, J. 
Issue Date: Nov-2002
Citation: Ng, S.H.,Xue, J.,Wang, J. (2002-11). Bismuth titanate from mechanical activation of a chemically coprecipitated precursor. Journal of the American Ceramic Society 85 (11) : 2660-2665. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Most of the chemistry-based preparation routes for bismuth titanate (BIT) involve calcination at elevated temperatures in order to realize precursor-to-ceramic conversion. In a completely different approach using an amorphous BIT hydroxide precursor, nanocrystalline particles of layered perovskite BIT are synthesized by mechanical activation, skipping the detrimental crystallite coarsening and particle aggregation encountered at high temperatures. Mechanical activation leads to nucleation and steady growth of BIT crystallites in the amorphous precursor matrix, while Bi2O3 is involved as an intermediate transitional phase. The activation-derived BIT particles demonstrate a rounded morphology of ∼50 nm in size. This is in contrast to the BIT derived from calcination of the coprecipitated precursor at 600°C that is dominated by coarsened platelike particles. The former is sintered to a density of >95% theoretical at 875°C for 2 h, leading to a dielectric constant of ∼1260 when measured at 1 MHz and the Curie temperature of 646°C.
Source Title: Journal of the American Ceramic Society
ISSN: 00027820
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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