Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejps.2011.12.003
Title: Microarray analysis revealed dysregulation of multiple genes associated with chemoresistance to As 2O 3 and increased tumor aggressiveness in a newly established arsenic-resistant ovarian cancer cell line, OVCAR-3/AsR
Authors: Ong, P.-S. 
Chan, S.-Y. 
Ho, P.C. 
Keywords: Arsenic trioxide
Chemoresistance
Gene expression
Microarray
Ovarian cancer
Issue Date: 14-Feb-2012
Citation: Ong, P.-S., Chan, S.-Y., Ho, P.C. (2012-02-14). Microarray analysis revealed dysregulation of multiple genes associated with chemoresistance to As 2O 3 and increased tumor aggressiveness in a newly established arsenic-resistant ovarian cancer cell line, OVCAR-3/AsR. European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 45 (3) : 367-378. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejps.2011.12.003
Abstract: The potential of arsenic trioxide (As 2O 3) for use as a novel therapy for ovarian cancer treatment has been increasingly recognized. In this study, we developed an arsenic-resistant OVCAR-3 subline (OVCAR-3/AsR) and aimed to identify the molecular mechanisms and signaling pathways contributing to the development of acquired arsenic chemoresistance in ovarian cancer. OVCAR-3/AsR cells were obtained following continual exposure of parental OVCAR-3 cells to low dose As 2O 3 for 12 months. Cytotoxicity of OVCAR-3/AsR cells to As 2O 3, paclitaxel and cisplatin was investigated. Cell apoptosis and cell cycle distribution following As 2O 3 treatment of OVCAR-3/AsR cells was also analyzed using flow cytometry. Subsequently, cDNA microarray analysis was performed from the RNA samples of OVCAR-3 and OVCAR-3/AsR cells in duplicate experiments. Microarray data were analyzed using Genespring® and Pathway Studio® Softwares. OVCAR-3/AsR cells showed 9-fold greater resistance to As 2O 3 and lack of collateral resistance to cisplatin and paclitaxel. Compared with parental OVCAR-3 cells, OVCAR-3/AsR had significantly lower apoptotic rates following As 2O 3 treatment. These cells were also arrested at both the S phase and G 2/M phase of the cell cycle after exposure to high concentrations of As 2O 3. Gene expression profiling revealed significant differences in expression levels of 397 genes between OVCAR-3/AsR and OVCAR-3 cells. The differentially regulated transcripts genes have functional ontologies related to continued cancer cell growth, cell survival, tumor metastasis and tumor aggressiveness. Additionally, numerous gene targets of the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) transcription factor showed elevated expression in OVCAR-3/AsR cells. Subsequent pathway analysis further revealed a gene network involving interleukin 1-alpha (IL1A) in mediating the arsenic-resistant phenotype. These results showed that changes in multiple genes and an increased in tumor aggressiveness occurred during the development of acquired chemoresistance to As 2O 3 in ovarian cancer cells. The functional relevance of these genetic changes should be validated in future studies. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/106144
ISSN: 09280987
DOI: 10.1016/j.ejps.2011.12.003
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