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Title: Metabolic profiling of rat brain and cognitive behavioral tasks: Potential complementary strategies in preclinical cognition enhancement research
Authors: Goh, D.P.Q.
Neo, A.H.
Goh, C.W.
Aw, C.C.
New, L.S. 
Chen, W.S.
Atcha, Z.
Browne, E.R.
Chan, E.C.Y. 
Keywords: Alzheimer's disease
Cognitive behavioral tests
Metabolic profiling
Issue Date: 4-Dec-2009
Citation: Goh, D.P.Q., Neo, A.H., Goh, C.W., Aw, C.C., New, L.S., Chen, W.S., Atcha, Z., Browne, E.R., Chan, E.C.Y. (2009-12-04). Metabolic profiling of rat brain and cognitive behavioral tasks: Potential complementary strategies in preclinical cognition enhancement research. Journal of Proteome Research 8 (12) : 5679-5690. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In this study, the correlation between the metabolic profiles of rats undergoing cognition enhancement drug therapy and their associated cognitive behavioral outcomes were investigated. Male Lister Hooded rats were administered either with donepezil, galantamine, or vehicle and subjected to Atlantis watermaze training and novel object recognition tests. An UPLC/MS/MS method was developed to profile 21 neurologically related metabolites in the rat brains. Pharmacologically induced behavioral changes were compared subsequently with the metabolic fluctuations of neurologically related metabolites from multiple neurotransmitter pathways using multivariate and univariate statistical analyses. Significant improvements in cognitive behavioral outcomes were demonstrated in the rats administered with donepezil and galantamine using both AWM training (P < 0.05) and NOR (P < 0.05) tests as compared to those dosed with the vehicle. This corroborated with the significant elevation of eight prominent biomarkers after the cognitive enhancement therapy. An orthogonal partial least-squares discriminant analysis model generated using only the 8 metabolites identified as discriminating the drug-dosed rats from the vehicle-dosed rats gave a Q2 = 0.566, receiver operator characteristic (ROC) AUC = 1.000, using 7-fold cross validation. Our study suggests that metabolic profiling of rat brain is a potential complementary strategy to the cognitive behavioral tasks for characterizing neurobiological responses to cognition enhancement drug testing. © 2009 American Chemical Society.
Source Title: Journal of Proteome Research
ISSN: 15353893
DOI: 10.1021/pr900795g
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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