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Title: Evaluation of orally administered PEGylated phenylalanine ammonia lyase in mice for the treatment of Phenylketonuria
Authors: Sarkissian, C.N.
Kang, T.S. 
Gámez, A.
Scriver, C.R.
Stevens, R.C.
Keywords: Hyperphenylalaninemia
Oral enzyme substitution therapy
Phenylalanine ammonia lyase
Issue Date: Nov-2011
Citation: Sarkissian, C.N., Kang, T.S., Gámez, A., Scriver, C.R., Stevens, R.C. (2011-11). Evaluation of orally administered PEGylated phenylalanine ammonia lyase in mice for the treatment of Phenylketonuria. Molecular Genetics and Metabolism 104 (3) : 249-254. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Phenylketonuria (PKU), a Mendelian autosomal recessive phenotype (OMIM 261600), is an inborn error of metabolism causing impaired postnatal cognitive development in the absence of treatment. We used the Pah enu2/enu2 PKU mouse model to study oral enzyme substitution therapy with various chemically modified formulations of phenylalanine ammonia lyase (Av-p.C503S/p.C565S/p.F18A PAL). In vivo studies with the most therapeutically effective formulation (5kDa PEG-Av-p.C503S/p.C565S/p.F18A PAL) revealed that this conjugate, given orally, yielded statistically significant (p=0.0029) and therapeutically relevant reduction (~40%) in plasma phenylalanine (Phe) levels. Phe reduction occurred in a dose- and loading-dependent manner; sustained clinically and statistically significant reduction of plasma Phe levels was observed with treatment ranging between 0.3 IU and 9 IU and with more frequent and smaller dosings. Oral PAL therapy could potentially serve as an adjunct therapy, perhaps with dietary treatment, and will work independently of phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH), correcting such forms of hyperphenylalaninemias regardless of the PAH mutations carried by the patient. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.
Source Title: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
ISSN: 10967192
DOI: 10.1016/j.ymgme.2011.06.016
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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