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Title: Conditioned medium from keloid keratinocyte/keloid fibroblast coculture induces contraction of fibroblast-populated collagen lattices
Authors: Mukhopadhyay, A.
Tan, E.K.J.
Khoo, Y.T.A.
Chan, S.Y. 
Lim, I.J.
Phan, T.T.
Keywords: α-smooth muscle actin
Epithelial-mesenchymal interactions
Fibroblast-populated collagen lattice
Keloid scars
Transforming growth factor-β
Issue Date: Apr-2005
Citation: Mukhopadhyay, A., Tan, E.K.J., Khoo, Y.T.A., Chan, S.Y., Lim, I.J., Phan, T.T. (2005-04). Conditioned medium from keloid keratinocyte/keloid fibroblast coculture induces contraction of fibroblast-populated collagen lattices. British Journal of Dermatology 152 (4) : 639-645. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Background: Keloid scars represent a pathological response to cutaneous injury. Overproliferation of fibroblasts and overproduction of collagen characterize these abnormal scars. The pathology of these scars remains poorly understood. The role of epithelial-mesenchymal interactions in keloid pathogenesis and scar contracture has recently been explored. Objectives: To test our hypothesis that epithelial-mesenchymal interactions play a major role in modulating keloid scar contracture. Methods: A coculture model was employed wherein keloid and normal keratinocytes were cocultured with keloid or normal fibroblasts, and the conditioned media from day 5 cocultures were collected to study the effect of the paracrine secretions on contraction of an in vitro fibroblast-populated collagen lattice (FPCL) model. Results: Keloid keratinocyte/keloid fibroblast coculture conditioned media brought about increased contraction of the collagen lattice compared with non-cocultured conditioned media. When keloid fibroblasts populated the collagen lattice, significantly increased lattice contraction was induced compared with lattices populated by normal fibroblasts. The addition of antitransforming growth factor (TGF)-β neutralizing antibody to the conditioned media produced an attenuation of the contraction of the FPCLs. When keloid and normal fibroblasts were cultured on chamber slides and treated with conditioned media from coculture and non-coculture series, immunohistochemical analysis demonstrated an increased expression of α-smooth muscle actin (a marker for fibroblast differentiation into myofibroblasts) in fibroblasts exposed to conditioned media from coculture. Conclusions: These data indicate that epithelial-mesenchymal interactions are likely to play a major role in scar contracture and scar pathogenesis, and underscore the role of TGF-β1 as a key player in keloid pathogenesis. © 2005 British Association of Dermatologists.
Source Title: British Journal of Dermatology
ISSN: 00070963
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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