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Title: Nearby boundaries create eddies near microscopic filter feeders
Authors: Pepper, R.E.
Roper, M.
Ryu, S.
Matsudaira, P. 
Stone, H.A.
Keywords: Biofluids
Filter feeder
Issue Date: 6-May-2010
Citation: Pepper, R.E., Roper, M., Ryu, S., Matsudaira, P., Stone, H.A. (2010-05-06). Nearby boundaries create eddies near microscopic filter feeders. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 7 (46) : 851-862. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We show through calculations, simulations and experiments that the eddies often observed near sessile filter feeders are frequently due to the presence of nearby boundaries. We model the common filter feeder Vorticella, which is approximately 50 μm across and which feeds by removing bacteria from ocean or pond water that it draws towards itself. We use both an analytical stokeslet model and a Brinkman flow approximation that exploits the narrow-gap geometry to predict the size of the eddy caused by two parallel no-slip boundaries that represent the slides between which experimental observations are often made. We also use three-dimensional finite-element simulations to fully solve for the flow around a model Vorticella and analyse the influence of multiple nearby boundaries. Additionally, we track particles around live feeding Vorticella in order to determine the experimental flow field. Our models are in good agreement both with each other and with experiments. We also provide approximate equations to predict the experimental eddy sizes owing to boundaries both for the case of a filter feeder between two slides and for the case of a filter feeder attached to a perpendicular surface between two slides. © 2009 The Royal Society.
Source Title: Journal of the Royal Society Interface
ISSN: 17425689
DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2009.0419
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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