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Title: Effects of anthropogenic land use on forest birds and butterflies in Subic Bay, Philippines
Authors: Posa, M.R.C. 
Sodhi, N.S. 
Keywords: Avifauna
Habitat disturbance
Southeast Asia
Issue Date: Apr-2006
Citation: Posa, M.R.C., Sodhi, N.S. (2006-04). Effects of anthropogenic land use on forest birds and butterflies in Subic Bay, Philippines. Biological Conservation 129 (2) : 256-270. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Despite the loss of 83% of native forests in the Philippines, little is known on the effects of this massive habitat loss and degradation on its forest biotas. This is a cause for concern because of the threat posed to the country's large number of endemic taxa. To investigate the impacts of anthropogenic disturbance, forest birds and butterflies were surveyed in closed and open canopy forests, as well as suburban, rural and urban areas within the Subic Bay Watershed Reserve and Olongapo City in western Luzon. Measures of forest species richness and population densities for both taxa were similar in the two forest types, but showed different patterns in the other habitats. Indirect gradient analysis showed that forest bird species were positively correlated with vegetation variables (i.e., canopy cover, tree density, height to inversion and ground cover), while forest butterflies were not strongly correlated to any of the measured habitat variables. Community composition of birds in forests was distinct from those in modified habitats, while butterfly communities were more similar. A simulation showed that canopy cover of 60% or higher was required by 24 of the 26 bird species that were sensitive to canopy loss. Endemicity and nesting strata were the significant predictors of vulnerability to habitat disturbance for birds, while endemicity and larval hostplant specificity were significant for butterflies. Both taxa were negatively affected by anthropogenic disturbance but may respond to different components in the habitat (i.e., structure and resources), and thus cannot be used as surrogates of each other. Conservation of forests with contiguous canopy cover should be prioritized, and more ecological research is needed to improve the knowledge on the effects of disturbance on Philippine biodiversity. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Biological Conservation
ISSN: 00063207
DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2005.10.041
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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