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|Title:||Differential expression and characterization of three metallothionein-like genes in Cavendish banana (Musa acuminata)||Authors:||Liu, P.
|Issue Date:||2002||Citation:||Liu, P., Goh, C.-J., Loh, C.-S., Pua, E.-C. (2002). Differential expression and characterization of three metallothionein-like genes in Cavendish banana (Musa acuminata). Physiologia Plantarum 114 (2) : 241-250. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1399-3054.2002.1140210.x||Abstract:||Metallothioneins (MTs) are cysteine-rich polypeptides that are involved in metal detoxification and homeostasis in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. In this study, we report the isolation and characterization of three members (MT2A, MT2B and MT3) of the MT-like gene family from ripening banana fruit and their differential expression in various banana organs and during fruit development and ripening. All members of the MT-like gene encode small cysteine-rich polypeptides of 65-79 amino acid residues. MT2A shared a high sequence similarity (54-77%) with several type-2 MTs in plants, while MT3 was highly homologous (51-61%) with type-3 MTs. The three members expressed differentially in various organs but transcripts were generally more abundant in reproductive than vegetative organs. During fruit development, the MT2A transcript was barely detectable in ovary but increased to a high level in young fruit at 20 days after shooting (DAS) and declined gradually thereafter as fruit developed. In contrast, both MT2B and MT3 expressed poorly in young fruits (20-60 DAS) and transcripts were detected only in fruits at later stages of development. As ripening progressed, expression of MT2A decreased but that of MT3 increased. Expression of MT members during ripening appeared to be differentially regulated by ethylene, whose levels were low in FG and TY fruit but surged climacteristically in MG and declined sharply as ripening advanced further. Exogenous application of ethylene at 5 ppm or higher concentrarions down-regulated MT2A expression and the inhibitory effect of ethylene could be partially suppressed by the presence of norbornadiene, an inhibitor of ethylene action. Ethylene had no effect on transcript accumulation of MT2B and MT3. However, MT3 expression was greatly enhanced in response to metals such as CdSO4, CuSO4 and ZnSO4. These results suggest that increased MT3 expression may be associated with excess metal ions present in ripening fruit tissues. This study also provided evidence, for the first time, that ethylene and metals play a regulatory role in expression of MT-like genes in banana.||Source Title:||Physiologia Plantarum||URI:||http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/100455||ISSN:||00319317||DOI:||10.1034/j.1399-3054.2002.1140210.x|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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