Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0376892909990178
Title: Determinants of local people's attitude toward conservation and the consequential effects on illegal resource harvesting in the protected areas of Sulawesi (Indonesia)
Authors: Lee, T.M.
Sodhi, N.S. 
Prawiradilaga, D.M.
Keywords: Biodiversity protection
Community management
Land-rights conflict
South-east Asia
Issue Date: Jun-2009
Citation: Lee, T.M., Sodhi, N.S., Prawiradilaga, D.M. (2009-06). Determinants of local people's attitude toward conservation and the consequential effects on illegal resource harvesting in the protected areas of Sulawesi (Indonesia). Environmental Conservation 36 (2) : 157-170. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0376892909990178
Abstract: The exploitation of tropical forest resources is a key driver of the current biodiversity crisis, and it is pivotal to understand human attitudes toward conservation and resource harvesting. This paper investigates effects of interactions, perceptions of protected areas (PAs) and sociodemographic variables on conservation attitudes, and the correlates of illegal resource extraction among 660 households from 33 villages bordering eight PAs on Sulawesi (Indonesia). Mixed-effect multiple regression analyses showed that the most important predictors of the support for PAs included the degree of involvement in management, presence/absence of PA-human conflict, perceived sustainability of forest resources and length of residency in Sulawesi. Notably, active participation in community management by transmigrants and the reconciliation of land-rights conflicts for natives may promote favourable conservation attitudes. Ordination and correlation analyses also revealed that the extent of illegal resource harvesting activities, such as hunting and logging, were significantly influenced by a negative conservation attitude and past conflict with PA establishment. Garnering support for PAs through conservation education and resolving land-rights disputes could potentially alleviate illegal resource extraction. The disparity in resource extraction patterns among the villages across all PAs confirms the importance of adopting site-specific conservation strategies that may make PAs across the biologically unique yet critically threatened Indonesian Archipelago more effective. © 2009 Foundation for Environmental Conservation.
Source Title: Environmental Conservation
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/100430
ISSN: 03768929
DOI: 10.1017/S0376892909990178
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