Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10393-013-0817-7
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dc.titleAmphibian pathogens in southeast asian frog trade
dc.contributor.authorGilbert, M.
dc.contributor.authorBickford, D.
dc.contributor.authorClark, L.
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, A.
dc.contributor.authorJoyner, P.H.
dc.contributor.authorOgg Keatts, L.
dc.contributor.authorKhammavong, K.
dc.contributor.authorNguyě̃n Vǎn, L.
dc.contributor.authorNewton, A.
dc.contributor.authorSeow, T.P.W.
dc.contributor.authorRoberton, S.
dc.contributor.authorSilithammavong, S.
dc.contributor.authorSinghalath, S.
dc.contributor.authorYang, A.
dc.contributor.authorSeimon, T.A.
dc.date.accessioned2014-10-27T08:21:24Z
dc.date.available2014-10-27T08:21:24Z
dc.date.issued2012-12
dc.identifier.citationGilbert, M., Bickford, D., Clark, L., Johnson, A., Joyner, P.H., Ogg Keatts, L., Khammavong, K., Nguyě̃n Vǎn, L., Newton, A., Seow, T.P.W., Roberton, S., Silithammavong, S., Singhalath, S., Yang, A., Seimon, T.A. (2012-12). Amphibian pathogens in southeast asian frog trade. EcoHealth 9 (4) : 386-398. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10393-013-0817-7
dc.identifier.issn16129202
dc.identifier.urihttp://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/100046
dc.description.abstractAmphibian trade is known to facilitate the geographic spread of pathogens. Here we assess the health of amphibians traded in Southeast Asia for food or as pets, focusing on Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), ranavirus and general clinical condition. Samples were collected from 2,389 individual animals at 51 sites in Lao PDR, Cambodia, Vietnam and Singapore for Bd screening, and 74 animals in Cambodia and Vietnam for ranavirus screening. Bd was found in one frog (n = 347) in Cambodia and 13 in Singapore (n = 419). No Bd was found in Lao PDR (n = 1,126) or Vietnam (n = 497), and no ranavirus was found in Cambodia (n = 70) or Vietnam (n = 4). Mild to severe dermatological lesions were observed in all East Asian bullfrogs Hoplobatrachus rugolosus (n = 497) sampled in farms in Vietnam. Histologic lesions consistent with sepsis were found within the lesions of three frogs and bacterial sepsis in two (n = 4); one had Gram-negative bacilli and one had acid-fast organisms consistent with mycobacterium sp. These results confirm that Bd is currently rare in amphibian trade in Southeast Asia. The presence of Mycobacterium-associated disease in farmed H. rugolosus is a cause for concern, as it may have public health implications and indicates the need for improved biosecurity in amphibian farming and trade. © 2013 International Association for Ecology and Health.
dc.description.urihttp://libproxy1.nus.edu.sg/login?url=http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10393-013-0817-7
dc.sourceScopus
dc.subjectAmphibian trade
dc.subjectBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis
dc.subjectCambodia
dc.subjectChytrid
dc.subjectLaos
dc.subjectMycobacterium
dc.subjectPathogens
dc.subjectRanavirus
dc.subjectSingapore
dc.subjectSoutheast Asia
dc.subjectVietnam
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentBIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
dc.description.doi10.1007/s10393-013-0817-7
dc.description.sourcetitleEcoHealth
dc.description.volume9
dc.description.issue4
dc.description.page386-398
dc.identifier.isiut000317970500006
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