Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1242/dmm.007831
Title: A high level of liver-specific expression of oncogenic Kras V12 drives robust liver tumorigenesis in transgenic zebrafish
Authors: Nguyen, A.T.
Emelyanov, A.
Koh, C.H.V. 
Spitsbergen, J.M.
Lam, S.H. 
Mathavan, S.
Parinov, S.
Gong, Z. 
Issue Date: Nov-2011
Source: Nguyen, A.T., Emelyanov, A., Koh, C.H.V., Spitsbergen, J.M., Lam, S.H., Mathavan, S., Parinov, S., Gong, Z. (2011-11). A high level of liver-specific expression of oncogenic Kras V12 drives robust liver tumorigenesis in transgenic zebrafish. DMM Disease Models and Mechanisms 4 (6) : 801-813. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1242/dmm.007831
Abstract: Human liver cancer is one of the deadliest cancers worldwide, with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) being the most common type. Aberrant Ras signaling has been implicated in the development and progression of human HCC, but a complete understanding of the molecular mechanisms of this protein in hepatocarcinogenesis remains elusive. In this study, a stable in vivo liver cancer model using transgenic zebrafish was generated to elucidate Ras-driven tumorigenesis in HCC. Using the liver-specific fabp10 (fatty acid binding protein 10) promoter, we overexpressed oncogenic kras V12 specifically in the transgenic zebrafish liver. Only a high level of kras V12 expression initiated liver tumorigenesis, which progressed from hyperplasia to benign and malignant tumors with activation of the Ras-Raf-MEK-ERK and Wnt-β-catenin pathways. Histological diagnosis of zebrafish tumors identified HCC as the main lesion. The tumors were invasive and transplantable, indicating malignancy of these HCC cells. Oncogenic kras V12 was also found to trigger p53-dependent senescence as a tumor suppressive barrier in the pre-neoplastic stage. Microarray analysis of zebrafish liver hyperplasia and HCC uncovered the deregulation of several stage-specific and common biological processes and signaling pathways responsible for kras V12-driven liver tumorigenesis that recapitulated the molecular hallmarks of human liver cancer. Cross-species comparisons of cancer transcriptomes further defined a HCC-specific gene signature as well as a liver cancer progression gene signature that are evolutionarily conserved between human and zebrafish. Collectively, our study presents a comprehensive portrait of molecular mechanisms during progressive Ras-induced HCC. These observations indicate the validity of our transgenic zebrafish to model human liver cancer, and this model might act as a useful platform for drug screening and identifying new therapeutic targets.
Source Title: DMM Disease Models and Mechanisms
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/99841
ISSN: 17548403
DOI: 10.1242/dmm.007831
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