Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/98696
Title: Energy dependent systematic errors in dual-energy x-ray CT
Authors: Goh, K.L.
Liew, S.C. 
Hasegawa, B.H.
Issue Date: 1995
Source: Goh, K.L.,Liew, S.C.,Hasegawa, B.H. (1995). Energy dependent systematic errors in dual-energy x-ray CT. IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium & Medical Imaging Conference 3 : 1587-1591. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Dual-energy X-ray Computed Tomography (DECT) is a technique which is designed to allow the determination of energy-independent material properties. In this study, results of computer simulation show that energy-dependent systematic errors exist in the values of attenuation coefficient synthesized using the basis material decomposition technique with acrylic and aluminum as the basis materials, especially when iodine (e.g., from radiographic contrast media) is present in the body. The errors are reduced when acrylic and an iodine-water mixture are used as the basis materials. We propose a simple model for the calculation of energy-dependent systematic errors using effective energies at the lower and higher energy windows of the X-ray spectrum used in the DECT system. The calculated errors agree well with the errors observed in the simulation. These results suggest that the observed systematic errors are predominantly due to the energy dependence of the basis material coefficients.
Source Title: IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium & Medical Imaging Conference
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/98696
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