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Title: Inherent-opening-controlled pattern formation in carbon nanotube arrays
Authors: Huang, X.
Zhou, J.J.
Sansom, E.
Gharib, M.
Haur, S.C. 
Issue Date: 8-Aug-2007
Citation: Huang, X., Zhou, J.J., Sansom, E., Gharib, M., Haur, S.C. (2007-08-08). Inherent-opening-controlled pattern formation in carbon nanotube arrays. Nanotechnology 18 (30) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We have introduced inherent openings into densely packed carbon nanotube arrays to study self-organized pattern formation when the arrays undergo a wetting-dewetting treatment from nanotube tips. These inherent openings, made of circular or elongated hollows in nanotube mats, serve as dewetting centres, from where liquid recedes from. As the dewetting centres initiate dry zones and the dry zones expand, surrounding nanotubes are pulled away from the dewetting centres by liquid surface tension. Among short nanotubes, the self-organized patterns are consistent with the shape of the inherent openings, i.e. slender openings lead to elongated trench-like structures, and circular holes result in relatively round nest-like arrangements. Nanotubes in a relatively high mat are more connected, like in an elastic body, than those in a short mat. Small cracks often initialize themselves in a relatively high mat, along two or more adjacent round openings; each of the cracks evolves into a trench as liquid dries up. Self-organized pattern control with inherent openings needs to initiate the dewetting process above the nanotube tips. If there is no liquid on top, inherent openings barely enlarge themselves after the wetting-dewetting treatment. © IOP Publishing Ltd.
Source Title: Nanotechnology
ISSN: 09574484
DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/18/30/305301
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