Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/21/31/315104
Title: Development of braided drug-loaded nanofiber sutures
Authors: Hu, W. 
Huang, Z.-M.
Liu, X.-Y. 
Issue Date: 12-Jul-2010
Source: Hu, W., Huang, Z.-M., Liu, X.-Y. (2010-07-12). Development of braided drug-loaded nanofiber sutures. Nanotechnology 21 (31) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/21/31/315104
Abstract: The objectives of this work are twofold. Firstly, while most work on electrospinning is limited to the development of only functional materials, a structural application of electrospun nanofibers is explored. Secondly, a drug-loaded tissue suture is fabricated and its various properties are characterized. Braided drug-loaded nanofiber sutures are obtained by combining an electrospinning process with a braiding technique followed by a coating procedure. Two different electrospinning techniques, i.e. blend and coaxial electrospinning, to incorporate a model drug cefotaxime sodium (CFX-Na) into poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) nanofibers have been applied and compared with each other. Properties of the braided drug-loaded sutures are characterized through a variety of methods including SEM, TEM and tensile testing. The results show that the nanofibers had a preferable micromorphology. The drug was incorporated into the polymer nanofibers homogeneously, with no cross-linking. The nanofibers maintained their fibrous structures. An in vitro release study indicates that the drug-loaded nanofibers fabricated by blend electrospinning and coaxial electrospinning had a different drug release behavior. An inhibition zone experiment shows that both sutures obtained from the nanofibers of the different electrospinning techniques had favorable antibacterial properties. The drug-loaded sutures had preferable histological compatibility performance compared with commercial silk sutures in an in vivo comparative study. © 2010 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Source Title: Nanotechnology
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/96207
ISSN: 09574484
DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/21/31/315104
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